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Publication List (1989-)
to request a reprint: shunrong(a)haystack.mit.edu


Peer-Reviewed Journal papers
Proceeding papers
Invited talks
Conference Contributions
Pre-prints

Peer-Reviewed Journal Papers


2013

Zhang, S.-R., Z. Chen, A. J. Coster, P. J. Erickson, and J. C. Foster (2013), Ionospheric symmetry caused by geomagnetic declination over North America, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1-5, doi:10.1002/2013GL057933.
Abstract and (pdf)

Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2013), Long-term ionospheric cooling: dependency on local time, season, solar activity and geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3719-3730, doi:10.1002/jgra.50306., Abstract and Full Paper

Oliver, W. L., S.-R. Zhang, and L. P. Goncharenko (2013), Is thermospheric global cooling caused by gravity waves?, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3898-3908, doi:10.1002/jgra.50370. Abstract and Full paper

Zhang, Q.-H., B.-C. Zhang, J. Moen, M. Lockwood, I. W. McCrea, H.-G. Yang, H.-Q. Hu, R.-Y. Liu, S.-R. Zhang, and M. Lester (2013), Polar cap patch segmentation of the tongue of ionization in the morning convection cell, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 2918-2922, doi:10.1002/grl.50616. Abstract and Full paper

Chen, Z., S. Wang, S. Zhang, G. Fang, and J. Wang (2013), Automatic scaling of F layer from ionograms, Radio Sci., 48, 334-343, doi:10.1002/rds.20038. Abstract and Full paper

Wu, Y-W, R-Y, Liu, B-C, Zhang, Z-S, Wu, H-Q Hu, S-R Zhang, Q-H Zhang, J-M Liu, F. Honaryd (2012), Multi-instrument observations of plasma features in the Arctic ionosphere during the main phase of a geomagnetic storm in December 2006, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. Abstract and Text

Zhang, Q. H., B. C. Zhang, M. Lockwood, H. Q. Hu, J. Moen, J. M. Ruohoniemi, E. G. Thomas, S.-R. Zhang, H. G. Yang, R. Y. Liu, K. A. McWilliams, J. B. H. Baker (2013), Direct Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Ionization Patches, Science, 339(6127), 1597-1600. doi:10.1126/science.1231487 Abstract ; a link to the paper

Marinov, P., S. Zhang, , I. Kutiev (2013), Comparison of topside ionosphere scale height modeled by the Topside Sounder Model and Incoherent Scatter Radar Ionospheric Model. Adv. Space Res. Abstract; full paper

Chong XY, Zhang M L, Zhang S R, J. Wen, L. Liu, B. Wan and W. Wan (2013), An investigation on plasmaspheric electron content derived from ISR and GPS observations at Millstone Hill, Chinese J. Geophys. (in Chinese), 56(3):738-745,doi:10.6038/cjg20130303. Abstract; full paper

Yuan Z., Y. Xiong, S. Zhang, X. Deng, J. Wang (2013), Ionospheric characteristics associated with wave-particle interactions in a SED plume during a super geomagnetic storm, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 96, 96-101, Abstract and full text

Ruan, H., J. Lei, X. Dou, S.-R. Zhang, J. Note and S. Kapali, (2013). Enhancements of nighttime neutral and ion temperatures in the F region over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 1768-1776, doi:10.1002/jgra.50202. Abstract; full paper

Goncharenko, L. P., V. Hsu, C. G. M. Brum, S.-R. Zhang, and J. T. Fentzke (2013), Wave signatures in the mid-latitude ionosphere during a sudden stratospheric warming of January 2010, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2012JA018251, Abstract; full paper

2012

Zhang, ShunRong, J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, P. J. Erickson, and A. J. Coster (2012), Magnetic declination and zonal wind effects on longitudinal differences of ionospheric electron density at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08329, doi:10.1029/2012JA017954. Full Text and Abstract (AGU site)

Zhang, ShunRong, Anthea Coster, John Holt, John Foster, Phil Erickson (2012), Ionospheric longitudinal variations at midlatitudes: Incoherent scatter radar observation at Millstone Hill, Sci China Tech Sci, 55(5), 1153-1160, DOI: 10.1007/s11431-012-4784-y Full Text and Abstract

2011

Zhang, S.-R., John C. Foster, Anthea J. Coster, and Philip J. Erickson (2011), East-West Coast Differences in Total Electron Content over the Continental US, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L19101, doi:10.1029/2011GL049116. Full Text and Abstract

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt (2011), Millstone Hill ISR observations of upper atmospheric long-term changes: height dependency, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A00H05, doi:10.1029/2010JA016414. Full Text and Abstract

2010

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, A. P. van Eyken, C. Heinselman, and M. McCready (2010), IPY observations of ionospheric yearly variations from high- to middle-latitude incoherent scatter radars, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A03303, doi:10.1029/2009JA014327. Full Text and Abstract

2009

Yuan, Z.-G., X.-H. Deng, S.-R. Zhang, W.-X. Wan, and B. W. Reinisch (2009), F region behavior in the SED plume during a geomagnetic superstorm: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A08303, doi:10.1029/2008JA013841. Full Text and Abstract

2008

Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2008), Ionospheric variability from an incoherent scatter radar long-duration experiment at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A03310, doi:10.1029/2007JA012639.Full Text and Abstract

Zhang S.-R., and J. M. Holt (2008), Climatology and Variability of the Ionosphere: Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations, CP974, pp.71-80, Radio Sounding and plasma Physics, edited by P. Song, J. Foster, M. Mendillo, and D. Bilitza, American Institute of Physics. DOI:10.1063/1.2885035 Full Text and Abstract

Goncharenko, L., and S.-R. Zhang (2008), Ionospheric signatures of sudden stratospheric warming: Ion temperature at middle latitude, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21103, doi:10.1029/2008GL035684. Full Text and Abstract

Holt, J. M., and S. R. Zhang (2008), Long-term temperature trends in the ionosphere above Millstone Hill, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L05813, doi:10.1029/2007GL031148. Full Text and Abstract

Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2008), Ionospheric climatology and variability from long-term and multiple incoherent scatter radar observations: variability, Annales Geophysicae, Ann. Geophys., 26, 1525-1537, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-1525-2008. Full Text and Abstract

2007

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, D. Bilitza, A. P. van Eyken, M. McCready, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Fukao, and M. Sulzer, Multiple-site comparisons between models of incoherent scatter radar and IRI, Adv. Space Res., 39, 910-917, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2006.05.027, 2007. Full Text and Abstract

Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2007), Ionospheric Climatology and Variability from Long-term and Multiple Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations: Climatology in Eastern American Sector, J. Geophys. Res., 12, A06328, doi:10.1029/2006JA012206. Full Text and Abstract

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, and M. McReady, High latitude convection model based on long-term incoherent scatter radar observations in North America, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 69, 1273-1291, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2006.08.017, 2007 Full Text and Abstract

Tsugawa, T., S.-R. Zhang, A. J. Coster, Y. Otsuka, J. Sato, A. Saito, Y. Zhang, and L. J. Paxton (2007), Summer-winter hemispheric asymmetry of the sudden increase in ionospheric total electron content and of the O/N2 ratio: Solar activity dependence, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A08301, doi:10.1029/2007JA012415. (Full Text) and Abstract

Lei, J., R. G. Roble, W. Wang, B. A. Emery, and S.-R. Zhang (2007), Electron temperature climatology at Millstone Hill and Arecibo, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A02302, doi:10.1029/2006JA012041. Full Text and Abstract

Lei, Jiuhou, Stig Syndergaard, Alan G. Burns, Stanley C. Solomon, Wenbin Wang; Zhen Zeng, Raymond G. Roble, Qian Wu, Ying-Hwa Kuo, John M. Holt, Shun-Rong Zhang, David L. Hysell, Fabiano S. Rodrigues, Chien H. Lin (2007), Comparison of COSMIC ionospheric measurements with ground-based observations and model predictions: Preliminary results, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A07308, 10.1029/2006JA012240 (Full Text) and Abstract

Liu L., W. Wan, M.-L. Zhang, B. Ning, S.-R. Zhang, and J. M. Holt (2007) Variations of topside ionospheric scale heights over Millstone Hill during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar experiment, Ann. Geophysicae, 25, 2019-2027. (Full Text (492KB)) and Abstract

Yue, X., W. Wan, L. Liu, F. Zheng, J. Lei, B. Zhao, G. Xu, S.-R. Zhang, and J. Zhu (2007), Data assimilation of incoherent scatter radar observation into a one-dimensional midlatitude ionospheric model by applying ensemble Kalman filter, Radio Sci., 42, RS6006, doi:10.1029/2007RS003631. (Full Text) and Abstract

Balan, N., H. Alleyne, S. Walker, H. Reme, E. Lucek, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, A. N. Fazakerley, S.-R. Zhang, and A. P. van Eyken (2007), Response of the magnetosheath-cusp region to a coronal mass ejection, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A12211, doi:10.1029/2006JA012122. Full Text (1.5MB) and Abstract

2006

Luan, X., L. Liu, W. Wan, J. Lei, S.-R. Zhang, J. M. Holt, and M. P. Sulzer (2006), A study of the shape of topside electron density profile derived from incoherent scatter radar measurements over Arecibo and Millstone Hill, Radio Sci., 41, RS4006, doi:10.1029/2005RS003367. Full Text(1.6Mb) and Abstract

Goncharenko, L.; Salah, J.; Crowley, G.; Paxton, L. J.; Zhang, Y.; Coster, A.; Rideout, W.; Huang, C.; Zhang, S.; Reinisch, B.; Taran, V. Large variations in the thermosphere and ionosphere during minor geomagnetic disturbances in April 2002 and their association with IMF By J. Geophys. Res., 111, A3, A03303, 10.1029/2004JA010683 Full Text(4.4Mb) and Abstract

Lei, Jiuhou, Libo Liu, Weixing Wan, Shun-Rong Zhang and A.P. Van Eyken, Comparison of the first long-duration IS experiment measurements over Millstone Hill and EISCAT Svalbard radar with IRI2001, Adv Space Res. ,37, (5), 1102-1107, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2005.01.061, 2006. Full Text(296K) and Abstract

2005

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, A. P. van Eyken, M. McCready, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Fukao, and M. Sulzer, Ionospheric local model and climatology from long-term databases of multiple incoherent scatter radars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L20102, doi:10.1029/2005GL023603.Full Text and Abstract

Lei, J., L. Liu, W. Wan, and S.-R. Zhang, Variations of eletron density based on long-term incoherent scatter radar and ionosonde measurements over Millstone Hill, Radio Science, 40, RS2008, doi:10.1029/2004RS003106, 2005.( Full Text ) and Abstract

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, P. J. Erickson, F. D. Lind, J. C. Foster, A. P. van Eyken, Y. Zhang, L. J. Paxton, W. C. Rideout, L. P. Goncharenko, and G. R. Campbell, October 2002 30-day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiments at Millstone Hill and Svalbard and Simultaneous GUVI/TIMED Observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L01108, doi:10.1029/2004GL020732, 2005 ( Full Text, 2 5Mb) and Abstract

Weixing Wan, Libo Liu, Hong Yuan, Baiqi Ning and Shun-Rong Zhang The GPS measured SITEC caused by the very intense solar flare on July 14, 2000, Adv Space Res , 36, 2465-2469, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2004.01.027, 2005. (Full Text, 201Kb) and Abstract

2004

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, A. M. Zalucha, and C. Amory-Mazaudier, Mid-latitude ionospheric plasma temperature climatology and empirical model based on Saint Santin incoherent scatter radar data from 1966-1987, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A11311, doi:10.1029/2004JA010709, 2004. (Full Paper: Full Text) and Abstract

Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt, Ionospheric temperature variations during 1976-2001 over Millstone Hill, Adv. Space Res., 33, 963-969, 2004. DOI 10.1016/j.asr.2003.07.012 (Full Paper: Full Text file ) and Abstract

Zhang, M. L., J. K. Shi, X. Wang, S. Z. Wu., and S.-R. Zhang Comparative study of ionospheric characteristic parameters obtained by DPS-4 digisonde with IRI2001 for low latitude station in China 33, 869-873, 2004 (Full Paper: Full Text file ) and Abstract

Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Libo; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Holt, John M., A statistical study of ionospheric profile parameters derived from Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar measurements Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 31, No. 14, L14804, 10.1029/2004GL020578, 2004. (Full Paper: Full Text file ) and Abstract

Lei, Jiuhou, Libo Liu, Weixing Wan and Shun-Rong Zhang, Modeling the behavior of ionosphere above Millstone Hill during the September 21-27, 1998 storm, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr Phys., Vol. 66, No. 12, 1093-1102 (Full Paper: Full Text file ) and Abstract

Lei, Jiuhou, Libo Liu, Weixing Wan and Shun-Rong Zhang, Model results for the ionospheric lower transition height over mid-latitude, Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 22, pp 2037-2045, 2004. (Full Paper: Full Text file ) and Abstract

2003

Zhang, S.-R. W. L. Oliver, J. M. Holt, and S. Fukao, Ionospheric data assimilation: Comparison of extracted parameters using full density profiles and key parameters, J. Geophys. Res. 108, 10.1029/2002JA009521, 2003. Full Paper(PDF)

Otsuka, Y., T. Kadota, K. Shiokawa, T. Ogawa, S. Kawamura, S. Fukao and S.-R. Zhang, Optical and radio measurements of a 630-nm brightness wave over Japan on September 9, 1999, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 1252, 10.1029/2002JA009594, 2003. Full Paper (PDF)

2002

Zhang, S.-R. W. L. Oliver, J. M. Holt, and S. Fukao, Solar EUV Flux, Exospheric Temperature and Thermospheric Wind Inferred fromIncoherent Scatter Measurements of Electron Density Profile at Millstone Hill and Shigaraki, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, (9), 10.1029/2001GL013579, 2002. Abstract and Full Text(PDF)

Holt, J. M., S.-R. Zhang, and M. J. Buonsanto, Regional and local ionospheric models based on Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(8), 10.1029/2002GL014678, 2002. Abstract and Full Text(PDF)

2001

Zhang, S.-R., W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, S. Kawamura, Extraction of Solar and Thermospheric Information from the Ionospheric Electron Density Profile, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 12,821-12,836, 2001. Abstract and Full text (PDF file)

Zhang, S.-R., W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, MU Radar Ion Drift Model, Adv Space Res., 27, No. 1, 115-120, 2001. Abstract and Full text (PDF file)

2000

Zhang, S.-R., W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, Y. Otsuka, A study of the forenoon ionospheric F2-layer behavior over the middle and upper atmospheric radar, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 15,823-15,833, 2000 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

Kawamura, S., Y. Otsuka, S.-R. Zhang, S. Fukao and W. L. Oliver, A Climatology of MU radar observations of thermospheric winds, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 12,777-12,788, 2000 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

Zhang S.-R., S. Fukao, X.-Y. Huang, and Y. Otsuka, The IRI's B0 parameters measured by the MU radar, Adv Space Res., 25, (1)101-(1)104, 2000 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

Bilitza D., S.M. Radicella, B.W. Reinisch, J.O. Adeniyi, M.E. Mosert Gonzalez, S. R. Zhang, O. Obrou, New B0 and B1 models for IRI, Adv. Space Res., 25, (1)89-(1)95, 2000 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

1999

Zhang S. R., S. Fukao, W. L. Oliver, and Y. Otsuka, The height of the maximum ionospheric electron density over the MU radar, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61, 1367-1383, 1999 Abstract, Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

Zhang S. R., S. Fukao and W. L. Oliver, Data modeling and assimilation studies with the MU radar J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61, 563-583, 1999 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

1998

Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, The simulated responses of the bottomside ionosphere to Ap index variations in mid-latitudes, Adv. Space Res., 22, (6)841-(6)846, 1998 Abstract and Full paper

Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, Variations of bottomside electron density profile parameters obtained from observations at Wuchang, China, Adv. Space Res., 22, (6)749-(6)752, 1998 Abstract , Paper

Radicella, S. M., D. Bilitza, B. W. Reinisch, J. O. Adeniyi, M. W. Mosert Gonzalez, B. Zolesi, M. L. Zhang and S. R. Zhang, IRI task force activity at ICTP: proposed improvements for the IRI region below the F peak, Adv. Space. Res., 22, (6)731-(6)739, 1998 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

1997

Zhang, S.-R. and X. Y. Huang, A model study for storm-time behaviour of the mid-latitude ionosphere, Chinese J. Space Sci., 1997 PDF (Chinese)

1996

Zhang S.-R., M.-L. Zhang, S. M. Radicella, X.-Y. Huang and D. Bilitza. A Comparison of the Lower Transition Height Obtained with a Theoretical Model and with IRI, Adv. Space Res. 18, (6)165-(6)173, 1996 Abstract; Full Paper (PDF)

Zhang S.-R., M.-L. Zhang, S. M. Radicella and X.-Y. Huang, Comparative Studies of Electron Density Profiles between the Theoretical Model and the IRI, Adv. Space Res., 18, (6)79-(6)82, 1996 Abstract and Full Paper (PDF)

Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang and S. M. Radicella, Theoretical studies of the ionospheric F1-ledge variation, ACTA Geophysica Sinica, 39, 601-607, 1996 PDF (Chinese)

Huang X.-Y. and S.-R. Zhang, Sporadic E, spread-F and some ionosphere oscillatory phenomena in the Far East, Adv. Space Res., 18,(6)45-(6)48, 1996 Abstract and Full Paper (PDF)

1995

Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, A Numerical Study of Ionospheric Profiles for Mid-Latitudes, Ann Geophysicae, 13, 551-557, 1995 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, An Ionospheric Numerical Model and Some Results for the Electron Density Structure below the F2 Peak, Adv. Space Res., 16, (16)119-(16)120, 1995 Abstract and Full Paper (PDF)

Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, Neutral Wind-Induced F Region Movements under the Coupling of Ionosphere-Thermosphere, ACTA Chinese Journal of Space Science, 15, 105-118, 1995 PDF (Chinese)

Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang and Y.-Z. Su, Monthly Average Behavior and Oscillation of Ionospheric Drifts, Report UAG - 104, WDC-A for STP, NOAA, Boulder Co., January 1995 Full text in Html and PDF file

Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang and Y.-Z. Su, Oscillation of the Plasma Drifts in the Ionosphere, ACTA Geophysica Sinica, 37(1), 10-16, 1994 PDF (Chinese)

Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, Numerical Simulation of Ionospheric Structure below the F2 Peak, ACTA Chinese Journal of Space Science, 14, 116-124, 1994 PDF (Chinese)

1993

Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang, Y. Z Su and S. M. Radicella, A Physical Model for One-dimension and Time-dependent Ionosphere --- Part I: Description of the Model, Ann. Geofis., 36(5-6), 105-110, 1993 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)

Zhang S.-R. and S. M. Radicella, A Physical Model for One-dimension and Time-dependent Ionosphere --- Part II: Results and Discussions, Ann. Geofis., 36(5-6), 111-118, 1993

1992

Zhang S.-R., Yuanzhi Su and Xinyu Huang, Plasma Drifts at the Ionospheric F2 Peak, ACTA Chinese Journal of Space Science, 13(4), 298-304, 1992 PDF (Chinese)

1991

Zhang S.-R., Chengbao Yang and Jingwu Chen, The Effects of the Annular Eclipse on the Ionospheric Characteristic Parameters, Observations and Studies of China on Annular Solar Eclipse of Sept. 23, 1987, Science Press, pp. 233-237, 1990

1989

Zhang S.-R., Minyun Zi and Changshou Shen, The Day-night Gradient of the Conductivity within Auroral Zone and the Morphology of High-latitude E-field, ACTA Scientiarum Naturalium, Universitatis Pekinensis, 25(3), pp. 312-321, 1989

Zhang S.-R., J.-W., Chen, Some observational results of the ionosonde at Wuchang during the coordinated campaign in the period of the maximum solar activity, Publications of the Yunnan Observatory, Supplement 1989, Special issue 1, p. 223 - 229, 1989. abstract


Invited Talks


Zhang S.-R. and J. M. Holt, Ionospheric temperature variations during 1976-2001 over Millstone Hill, World Space Congress / COSPAR Generally Assembly, C4.3 Path toward improved ionosphere specification and forecast models,C4.3-0027-02, Houston, Texas, October 10-19, 2002.

Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, Variations of bottomside electron density profile parameters obtained from observations at Wuchang, China, '97 Joint IRI/COST251 Workshop (New Developments in Ionospheric Modelling and Prodiction), Kuehlungsborn, Germany, 26-30 May, 1997 (INVITED)

Zhang Shun-Rong, Man-Lian Zhang, S. M. Radicella, Xin-Yu Huang and D. Bilitza, A comparison of the lower transition height obtained with a theoretical model and with IRI, Workshop on Low and Equatorial Latitudes in the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI), New Dehli, India, 9-13 January 1995). (INVITED)

Huang Xin-Yu and Shun-Rong Zhang, IRI-Related Studies at Wuhan, China, Workshop on Low and Equatorial Latitudes in the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI), 10, New Delhi, India, January 9-13 1995 (INVITED)


Proceeding Papers


Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, Empirically modeling ionospheric electron density variations using F107, E107 and MgII indices based on long-term incoherent scatter radar observations over Millstone Hill, Fourth Thermospheric/Ionospheric Geospheric Research (TIGER) Symposium, Internet, June 10-14, 2002. (http://www.ipm.fhg.de/english/meetings/workshops/tiger/papers.html)

Zhang S.-R., and J. M. Holt, Plasma temperature data, climatology, and empirical models based on Millstone Hill incoherent scatter observations, International Reference Ionosphere News, December 2002.

Zhang S.-R., S. Fukao, Y.Otsuka, Modeling the forenoon bite-out of the electron density over Shigaraki, 13th Atmospheric Symposium, 140-143, ISSN 0916-1295, ISAS, March 1999, Japan

Zhang S.-R., Y. Otsuka, and S. Fukao, The ionospheric F2 peak heights as obtained with the MU radar and the ionosonde, 10th Atmospheric Symposium, 116-119, ISAS, March 1998, Japan

Zhang S.-R. and S. M. Radicella, Theoretical Electron Density Profiles and Corresponding Physical Conditions: Fitted B0 and B1, Topside Structure Proceedings of the IRI Task Force Activity 1996, ICTP, Trieste, Italy, August 1996, 80-89, May 1997

Zhang S.-R., S. M. Radicella, Xin-Yu Huang and M.-L. Zhang, Electron density profiles of the mid-latitudes -theoretical model results and its comparisons with observations for the F1-ledge, Proceedings of the IRI Task Force Activity 95, ICTP, 13-19, Trieste, Italy, May 1996

Zhang S.-R. and S. M. Radicella, A summary of the theoretical model results for the ionospheric F1-ledge, Proceedings of the IRI Task Force Activity 95, ICTP, 63-68, Trieste, Italy, May 1996

Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, Theoretical model study of ionospheric storm-time behaviour at mid-latitudes, Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of the Chinese Space Science Society, 32-34, Zhengzhou, Henan, China, April, 1996

Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, Modelling the day-by-day Variations of the Ionospheric Structure, Proceedings of International Conference on Radio Sciences 1995, 566-569, Beijing 1995

Zhang M.-L., S.-R. Zhang and S. M. Radicella, Theoretical simulation of ionospheric variability below and above the F2-peak, Proceedings of International Beacon Satellite Symposium, 294-297, Aberystwyth, Wales, UK, 11-15 July, 1994

Zhang Shun-Rong, Xin-Yu Huang, Yuan-Zhi Su and S. M. Radicella, A Physical Model for One-dimension and Time-dependent Ionosphere. Part I: Description of the Model, Proceedings of 1993 International Symposium on Radio Propagation, 287 - 290, Beijing, China, 18-21 August, 1993

Zhang Shun-Rong, Yuan-zhi Su and Xin-Yu Huang, A study of the F2-layer plasma drift using the Servo Model, Proceedings of the 4th National Radio Propagation Symposium, I, 75-76, Wuhan, China, 1991

Liu Wan-Tang and Shun-Rong Zhang, Some Features of Es at Wuchang, Proceedings of the 4th National Radio Propagation Symposium, I, 158-161, Wuhan, China, 1991

Liang Shangqi, Zhang Shunrong and Chen Jingwu, Ionospheric Effects of the Solar Events during August, 1989, 22 Max Global Character Research of Solar-terrestrial System, Special Issue III, Publications of Yunnan Observatory, pp.205-208, No.4, 1990

Zhang S.-R. and Jingwu Chen, Some Observational Results of the Ionosonde at Wuchang During the Coordinated Campaign in the Period of Maximum of Solar Activity, 22 Max Global Character Research of Solar-terrestrial System, Special Issue I, Publications of Yunnan Observatory, pp. 223-229, Supplement 1989


Conference Contributions


Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, J. C. Foster, and M. McCready, Statistical High-Latitude Convection Patterns from ISRs at Millstone Hill and Sondrestrom, AGU Fall Meeting, 2005.

Zhang S-R, J. Holt, A. P. van Eyken, M. McCready, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Fukao, M. Sulzer, Empirical Ionospheric Models from Worldwide Incoherent Scatter Radars, IRI Workshop 2005 , Roquestes, Spain, June 27-July 1, 2005. (PPT file, 9.2Mb)

Zhang S-R, J. Holt, A. P. van Eyken, M. McCready, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Fukao, M. Sulzer, Ionospheric climatology and model from long-term databases of worldwide incoherent scatter radars, Eos Trans. AGU, 86(18), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract SA52A-03.

Zalucha, A. M., J. M. Holt, and S. -R. Zhang, Ionospheric model based on Saint Santin incoherent scatter radar data, CEDAR Workshop, Santa Fe, NM, June 27 - July 2, 2004. ( PDF: 350Kb)

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, W. C. Rideout A. M. Zalucha, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Kawamura, and S. Fukao, Ionospheric Models Based on ISR Observations at Millstone Hill, St. Santin and Shigaraki, CEDAR Workshop, Santa Fe, NM, June 27 - July 2, 2004. ( PDF: 350Kb)

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, W. C. Rideout, and M. McCready, Updated Millstone Hill and Sondrestrom incoherent scatter radars convection model, Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract SA51B-0248, 2004. [PDF (4.1Mb) ]

Vigil, M N, J. Salah, L. Goncharenko, S. Zhang, G. Crowley, A. van Eyken, J. Thayer, B. Shpynev, V. Taran, Q. Zhou, H. Aponte, J. Chau, The ISR World-Day Campaign: Review of the April 2002 Geomagnetic Storm With Comparisons to the TIMEGCM/ASPEN Model, Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract SM32B-1165, 2003

Goncharenko, L P, J. Salah, A. Coster, W. Rideout, S. R. Zhang, L. Paxton, Y. Zhang, G. Crowley, V. Taran, B. Reinisch, R. Clark, A. Manson, N. Mitchell, Y. Murayama, D. Riggin, Variability in the Mesosphere/Thermosphere/Ionosphere System During the Quiet Time of April 2002 Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract SM32B-1160, 2003

Zhang, S.-R., John M. Holt, Phil J. Erickson, Frank D. Lind, John C. Foster, Tony van Eyken, William Rideout, Larisa Goncharenko, Glenn Campbell, The Long Duration ISR Experiment at Millstone Hill, 11th EISCAT 2003 International Radar Workshop, Menlo Park, CA, August 25-29, 2003.

Zhang Shun-Rong, John M. Holt, Phil J. Erickson, Frank Lind, Larisa Goncharenko William Rideout, and Glenn Campbell, Millstone Hill ISR Long-Duration Experiments - Datasets, 2003 CEDAR Meeting, Longmont, CO, June 15-20, 2003

Zhang Shun-Rong, John M. Holt, Phil J. Erickson, Frank Lind, Larisa Goncharenko William Rideout, Glenn Campbell, and Tony van Eyken, Millstone Hill ISR Long-Duration Experiments - Preliminary Analysis, 2003 CEDAR Meeting, Longmont, CO, June 15-20, 2003

A. P. van Eyken, J. M. Holt and S. R. Zhang, Long duration incoherent scatter data sets, 2003 CEDAR Meeting, Longmont, CO, June 15-20, 2003

A. P. van Eyken, J. M. Holt and S. R. Zhang, Long duration incoherent scatter data sets, EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly, Nice, France, 06 - 11 April 2003, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 12874, 2003,

Shun-Rong Zhang and John M. Holt, Altitude dependence of meridional winds over Millstone Hill, EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, Nice, France, 06 - 11 April 2003. (withdrawn)

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, Modeling of Ionospheric Responses to the Solar Flux Change Based on Millstone Hill Incoherent Scatter Radar, Eos Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract SA72B-0527, 2002

Holt, J. M., and S.-R. Zhang, A Local Empirical Model of the E and F Region Ionosphere Based on 30 Years of Millstone Hill Incoherent Scatter Radar Data, Eos Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract SA21A-0425, 2002

Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, Ionospheric climatology over Millstone Hill, Eos Trans. AGU, Spring Meeting, Suppl., Abstract SA22A-02, 2002.

Holt, J.M., and S. Zhang, Web-Based Empirical Models of the Ionosphere and Thermosphere Using Incoherent Scatter Radar Data G2-8, National Radio Science Meeting, Boulder, Colorado, 9-12 January 2002

Zhang S., J. M. Holt, and L. Goncharenko, Statistical Averages of F-Layer Electron Density, Electron Temperature and Ion Temperature Over Millstone Hill, Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract SA32A-0685, 2001.

Holt, J. M., S. Zhang, A Statistical Model of the Electric Field and Field-aligned Ion Drift over Millstone Hill, Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract SA11A-08, 2001

Zhang, S., W. L. Oliver, J. M. Holt, and S. Fukao, Solar Flux and Thermospheric Conditions Inferred from Electron Density Profiles, Eos Trans. AGU, 82(20), Spring Meeting, Suppl., Abstract SA52A-04, 2001.

Huang, X., S. Zhang, Ionospheric E-F Valley Structure Derived from Ionogram Observations over Wuchang, China, Eos Trans. AGU, 82(20), Spring Meeting, Suppl., Abstract SA52A-01, 2001.

Wan W., H. Yuan, L. Liu, B. Ning, S. Zhang, April 2000 Ionospheric Storm Observed in Equatorial Anomaly Regions, Eos Trans. AGU, 82(20), Spring Meeting, Suppl., Abstract SA52A-03, 2001.

Zhang S.-R. and W. L. Oliver, An exploratory study of ionospheric ISR measurement assimilation, p.316, G3-8, National Radio Science Meeting, Boulder, Colorado, 8-11 January 2001

Zhang S.-R. and W. L. Oliver, Ionospheric profile data assimilation and ambiguity, SA62A-03, F1356, EOS, Transactions, 2000 AGU Fall Meeting, Vol. 81, No. 48, November 28, 2000

Zhang S.-R. and W. L. Oliver, Fitting electron density profiles from an assimilative ionospheric model to experiments, SA52A-11, AGU 2000 Spring Meeting, Washington DC, May 30 June 3, 2000

Fukao, S., S. Kawamura, Y. Otsuka, W. L. Oliver, and S.-R. Zhang, Thermospheric wind climatology revealed with the MU radar, 10th International Symposium on Equatorial Aeronomy, Antalya, Turkey, May 2000

Kawamura, S., Y. Otsuka, S.-R. Zhang, W. L. Oliver, and S. Fukao, A climatology of thermospheric winds based on MU radar observations', 2000 Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting, Tokyo, June 2000

Kawamura, S., Y. Otsuka, S.-R. Zhang, W. L. Oliver and S. Fukao, Meridional neutral atmospheric wind studies basing on MU radar measurements, Atmospheric Symposium, ISAS, Tokyo, March 2000

Kawamura, S., Y. Otsuka, S.-R. Zhang, W. L. Oliver and S. Fukao, Studies of meridional neutral atmospheric wind in the ionospheric F2 layer using MU radar measurements, 3th MU Radar Symposium, RASC, Kyoto, November 1999.

Kawamura, S., Y. Otsuka, S.-R. Zhang, W. L. Oliver and S. Fukao, Meridional neutral atmospheric wind studies basing on MU radar measurements, 106th SGEPSS Meeting, Sendai, November 1999.

Zhang S., Y.Otsuka, W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, MU Radar Measurements of Ion Drifts During 1986-1996, International Reference Ionosphere Workshop 1999, 9-12 August 1999, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell

Zhang S.-R., S. Fukao, and Y. Otsuka, The forenoon ionospheric electron density variations over the MU radar, IUGG Assembly 1999, GA2.03/W/02-B3, 18-30 July, The University of Birmingham, UK,

Zhang Shun-Rong, Shoichiro Fukao, Yuichi Otsuka, A study of the ionospheric hmF2 variations using the MU radar IS measurements and a theoretical model, 1999 Japan Earth and Planetary Science Joint Meeting, Ed-015, Tokyo, Japan, June 8-11, 1999

Kawamura S., Y. Otsuka, S. R. Zhang, W. L. Oliver, and S. Fukao, Statistical study of meridional neutral winds observed by the MU radar (III), 1999 Japan Earth and Planetary Science Joint Meeting, Ed-P006, Tokyo, Japan, June 8-11, 1999

Zhang Shun Rong, and Shoichiro Fukao, A theoretical ionospheric model for mid-latitudes and its applications for modeling of the MU radar observation, 1998 Japan Earth and Planetary Science Joint Meeting, E28, Tokyo, Japan, May 26-29, 1998

Zhang S.-R., S. Fukao, X.-Y. Huang, and Y. Otsuka, The IRI's B0 parameter and the Maximum electron density height: MU radar observations, 32nd Scientific Assembly of COSPAR, 179, Nagoya, Japan, 12-19 July, 1998

Zhang S.-R., S. Fukao, and Y. Otsuka, The maximum electron density height and the plasma drifts of the ionosphere as measured by the MU radar over 1986-1993, 32nd Scientific Assembly of COSPAR, 110, Nagoya, Japan, 12-19 July, 1998

Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, The simulated bottomside ionospheric responses to the Ap index changes in mid-latitudes, '97 Joint IRI/COST251 Workshop (New Developments in Ionospheric Modelling and Prodiction), Kuehlungsborn Germany, 26-30 May, 1997

Zhang Shunrong and Shoichiro Fukao, An investigation of the ionospheric F1-ledge, 102th SGEPSS Fall Meeting, Hokkaido, B12-14, Japan, October 2-5, 1997

Xin-Yu Huang and Shun-Rong Zhang, Mathematical representation of the ionospheric profile, Proceedings of the 8th National Solar-Terrestrial Symposium, Yichang, Hubei, September, 1997

Zhang Shun-Rong, Man-Lian Zhang, S. M. Radicella and Xin-Yu Huang, Comparative studies of electron and ion density profiles between the theoretical model and the IRI, Workshop on Low and Equatorial Latitudes in the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI), New Dehli, India, 9-13 January 1995

Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, An ionospheric numerical model and its results, C4 meeting of COSPAR Scientific Commission C on the High Latitudes in the International Reference Ionosphere at the 30th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Hamburg, Germany, July 11-21, 1994

Huang Xin-Yu and Shun-Rong Zhang, Distort of store-time electron density profile, Proceedings of 7th, Guilin, Guangxi, China, 1994

Zhang Shun-Rong, Xin-Yu Huang and Yuan-Zhi Su, Derived plasma drifts near the ionospheric F2 peak from ionosonde data, 21th URSI General Assembly, Kyoto, Japan, 25 August - 2 September 1993

Zhang Shun-Rong, Xin-Yu Huang and Yu-Zhi Su, Oscillation of ionospheric plasma drifts at the F2 peak height, Ann. Geophysicae, Part III, Space & Planetary Sciences, Supplement III to Volume 11, C362, 1993


Pre-prints


1. Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang, Y-Z. Su, S. M. Radicella, A physical model for one-dimension and time-dependent ionosphere - Part I: Description of the model, ICTP Pre-prints, Internal Report, IC/93/45, Miramare, Trieste, Italy, March 1993

2. Zhang S.-R., S. M. Radicella, A physical model for one-dimension and time-dependent ionosphere - Part II: Results and Discussions, ICTP Pre-prints, Internal Report, IC/93/46, Miramare, Trieste, Italy, March 1993

3. Zhang S.-R., S. M. Radicella,. X.-Y. Huang, M.-L. Zhang, Theoretical modelling of the ionospheric F1-ledge, Part I: Occurrence and Evolution, ICTP Pre-prints, IC/96/4, Miramare, Trieste, Italy, January 1996

4. Zhang S.-R., S. M. Radicella,. X.-Y. Huang, Theoretical modelling of the ionospheric F1-ledge, Part II: Characteristics points, ICTP Pre-prints, IC/96/5, Miramare, Trieste, Italy, January 1996 5.